Bachelor, Howard University, 1954. Bachelor of Laws, Fordham University, 1960. Doctor of Letters (honorary), College New Rochelle, 1983.
Doctor of Laws (honorary), New York Law School, 1988. Doctor of Laws (honorary), John Jay College City University of New York, 1990. Doctor of Laws (honorary), Fordham University, 1992.
Assistant district attorney New York County District Attorney, New York City, 1960-1962. Assistant counsel Governor, Albany, New York, 1962-1965. Private practice New York City, 1965-1968.
Counsel Crime Control Council New York State, 1968-1971, administrator division Criminal Justice, 1971-1972, commissioner division Criminal Justice Services, 1972-1974. Attorney in chief, executive director Legal Aid Society, 1975-1994, chair of the board, 1994-1998. Retired
Trustee Columbia University, New York City, 1981-1992, Fordham University, New York City, 1992-1998.
Vestry member St. Philip's Church, New York City, 1970-1993. Member City Charter Revision Commission, New York City, 1982-1983, 86-89, member City/State Commission on Integrity in Government, New York City, 1986. Member American Bar Association (house of deals 1985-1998), New York State Bar Association (president 1993, Defender award 1986), Association Bar of City of New York (chairman executive committee 1981-1982).