Party affiliation: Democrat
Individual practice law, Anniston, Alabama, 1960-1962. City attorney, 1962-1964. Trial attorney Civil Rights Division, Department Justice, Washington, 1964-1969.
Staff attorney, comptroller of Treasury State of Tennessee, 1971-1976. Private practice law Nashville, 1976-1977. Circuit judge, 1977-1978.
General sessions judge, 1978-1980. Judge United States District Court (middle district) Tennessee, Nashville, 1980—1991, 1991—1998, senior judge, since 1998.