Private practice law, 1973—1977, 1980—1994. United States attorney District Arizona United States Department Justice, Phoenix, 1977—1980. Judge United States Court Appeals (9th circuit), 1994—2010, senior judge, since 2010.
Member Appellate Courts Judicial Nominating Commission, 1985—1989. Captain United States Marine Corps, 1970-1973.
Member Arizona Lottery Commission, 1980—1983, Commission on Uniform State Laws, 1988—1993. Member of American Bar Association, National Association Former United States Attorneys (president 1989-1990), Administrative Conference United States (public member 1985-1994), Phoenix Trial Lawyers Association, Arizona Trial Lawyers Association (board directors 1976-1977, state secretary 1976-1977), State Bar of Arizona (James Walsh Outstanding Jurist Award 2003), Maricopa County Bar Association (board directors 1975-1977, 1981-1989, president 1987-1988).