- Staff, then managing attorney Legal Aid of Western Missouri, Kansas City, 1975-1979. General private practice, assistant public defender, 1979-1986. Member part-time faculty Missouri Western State College, St. Joseph, 1984-1989.
Board directors St. Joseph Mental Health Association, 1979-1981, Creative Arts Production, St. Joseph, 1984-1985, Progressive Community Services, 1993-1997. Served with United States Army, 1966-1969, Vietnam. Member American Bar Association, Association of Trial Lawyers of America, Missouri Bar Association, St. Joseph Bar Association, Missouri Association Criminal Defense Lawyers.