Party affiliation: Republican
Graduate fellow Office General Counsel, Central Intelligence Agency, Langley, Virginia. Member staff editorial and research division Republican National Committee, Washington, 1980. Law clerk to presiding judge United States Court Appeals, 1981-1982.
Attorney- adviser office of legal policy United States Department Justice, 1982, special assistant to attorney general, 1982-1983, deputy assistant attorney general, 1983-1984, acting assistant attorney general, office legal policy, 1984, associate deputy attorney general, 1984-1985, special litigation counsel, civil division, 1985, assistant to solicitor general, 1985-1987, deputy assistant attorney general civil rights division, 1987-1991, deputy assistant attorney general env. division, 1991-1993. Vice president, general counsel National Legal Center for Public Interest, 1993-1997, Center for Equal Opportunity, Washington, 1997—2005, president Falls Church, Virginia, since 2006.