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Catharine Maria Sedgwick

Catharine Maria Sedgwick was a novelist, short fiction writer, and one of the leading figures of early American literary culture. Sedgwick's novels were widely praised by critics and reviewers as important contributions to the newly emerging body of American literature, and nineteenth-century literary historians placed her alongside figures such as Washington Irving and William Cullen Bryant .

Background

  • Ethnicity: The ancestors of both Sedgwick's parents were English.

  • Around 1634 Catharine Sedgwick's mother's ancestor John Dwight came with his wife Hannah, daughter Hannah, and sons Timothy Dwight and John Dwight, from Dedham, Essex, England to North America where the town was named Dedham, Massachusetts.

    From the father's side Catharine Sedgwick's ancestor Major General Robert Sedgwick who was was an English colonist arrived in 1636 in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, as part of the Great Migration.

    Catharine Maria Sedgwick came from an important Federalist family in western Massachusetts. While Catharine always spoke with love and respect of her mother, Pamela Dwight Sedgwick suffered repeated periods of mental illness and does not seem to have been close to her daughter. Instead, Catharine admired her father, though he was often away for his political career, which culminated in his becoming Speaker of the House. In his absence Catharine was surrounded by her many siblings. She was particularly attached to her four brothers. Even when they had all married and become lawyers like their father, they remained the central figures in her emotional life. Single herself, she passed part of every year in the family of one or the other of her brothers, and was a favorite aunt to many children. It was her brothers who encouraged her to write. Together they worked to sustain her often failing self-confidence, and assisted her practically with contracts and reviews.

  • Works

    • Hope Leslie; or, Early Times in the Massachusetts (1827)
    • The Linwoods; or, "Sixty Years Since" in America (1835)
    • A Sketch from Life (1862)
    • A New-England Tale (1822)

    Religion

    Sedgwick, who left the Calvinist church of her childhood to become a Unitarian, showed a consistent tolerance for members of minority groups. This further inspired her to write her first novel, A New-England Tale, a pamphlet denouncing religious intolerance.

    Denomination: Unity Church

    Membership

    • the Women's Prison Association , the US

    Connections

    • Her father Theodore Sedgwick (May 9, 1746 – January 24, 1813) was an American attorney, politician and jurist, who served in elected state government and as a Delegate to the Continental Congress, a US Representative, and a United States Senator from Massachusetts. He served as the fifth Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. He was appointed to the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court in 1802 and served there the rest of his life.

    • mother: Pamela Dwight - United States
      Her mother Pamela Dwight (1752–1807)came from the New England Dwight family. She was a daughter of General Joseph Dwight (1703–1765) and granddaughter of Ephraim Williams,the founder of Williams College.

    • a nanny: Elizabeth Freeman
      Sedgwick was cared for by Elizabeth Freeman, a former slave whose freedom her father helped gain by arguing her case in county court in 1781. After winning her freedom Freeman accepted the Sedgwick's offer to work for them for wages.

    • a schoolmate: Susan Anne Ridley Sedgwick - United States - writer
      Susan Anne Livingston Ridley Sedgwick (1788–1867) was a 19th Century American writer specializing in children's novels. She would become Catharine Maria Sedgwick's sister-in-law.

    Catharine Maria Sedgwick
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    Margarita Vasilkova last changed 25/04/2013 view changes
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