Bachelor of Laws, University Detroit, 1956. Doctor of Laws (honorary), University Detroit, 1986. Bachelor, University Detroit, 1992.
Doctor of Laws (honorary), Madonna College, 1976. Doctor of Laws (honorary), Detroit College, 1978. Doctor of Laws (honorary), Thomas M. Cooley Law School, Lansing, Michigan, 1986.
Attorney Waldron, Brennan & Maher, 1960—1962. Private practice Redford Township, Michigan, 1962—1966. Justice of peace, 1963—1966.
Judge 3d Circuit Court of Michigan, 1966—1975. Justice Michigan Supreme Court, 1975—1986. Judge United States Court Appeals (6th circuit), 1985—2000, senior judge, since 2000.
Faculty National Judicial College, Reno. Adjunct faculty, board directors Ave Maria School Law. Adjunct professor Thomas M. Cooley Law School, 1979—1985, University Detroit, since 1974.
Captain Judge Advocate General Corps United States Naval Reserve, 1957-1992, retired military judge United States Naval Reserve.