Party affiliation: Democratic Party
Emanuel Celler was born on May 6, 1888 in New York City. Son of Henry H. and Josephine (Mueller) Celler. He got his first look at politics as a child, listening to a speech by William Jennings Bryan from his fathers’ shoulders.
Celler began his political career in 1922, when he was asked to run as the Democratic candidate for the tenth congressional district. His campaign plan was simple, but effective. He went from house to house and street to street. Sometimes he set off firecrackers in the street, and after a crowd gathered, began his rally. His efforts proved successful and he was elected as the first Democrat from the Brooklyn district.
In his first term of office he became involved in the issue of immigration to the United States and fought for the repeal of bigoted aspects of of the Immigration Act of 1924, which limited the immigration of certain peoples because of their ethnic origins.
Celler was a liberal, supporting President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal and President Harry S. Truman’s Fair Deal, which were designed to get the country back on its feet after the Depression.
During his time in Washington, Celler saw the country through many crises and in 1948, a senior congressman, he was elected head of the House Judiciary Committee. In that position he was able to propose antitrust laws and legislation allowing more immigration.
Although Celler’s political career took him to Washington, his heart always remained in Brooklyn. He returned to his constituency on weekends, and that faithfulness earned him twenty-four reelections to the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1972, after fifty years as a congressman, Celler was defeated in a Democratic primary. He returned to Brooklyn to continue in a law practice he had successfully maintained while in political office. He continued to practice law almost until his death at age ninety-two.
Member, law firm of Celler and Kraushaar. Secy, and Counsel for Brooklyn Retail Butchers Corporation, Retail Butchers Holding Company, Butchers Mutual Casualty Company. Organisation Madison State Bank, New York City. Reliance Investment Company (industrial bank). Brooklyn National. Bank, Brooklyn. Di6t. Government Appeal Agent for Draft Board during World War. Member of Brooklyn Bar Association. Columbia Alumni Association. Masons; Knights of Pythias. Elks; Bnai Brith. Clubs: Unity of Brooklyn, Brooklyn Democratic, Washington Town and Country.