Elected to Iowa Legislature, 1886, re-elected, 1888. Elected Mayor of Keokuk, 1889-1893. Admitted to Supreme Court, United States, 1892.
President, Board of Trustees of Keokuk Free Public Library, since 1894, Judge of Di6t. Court, 1918, re-elected. 1922, since 1926. Twice candidate for Congress in First Congressional District, Iowa.
Candidate for Supreme Judge, 1912.