Journalist, 1913-1917, Washington, D. C., Columbus and Cleveland, Ohio. Military activities: G 2-A Battle Line Intelligence, 1918-1919. Divisional Headquarters, 79 United States Division Infantry.
Assigned to 3 Army Intelligence School, Langres, France, 1918-1919. Assigned to the United States Military Common for Repatriation of Prisoners of War, Berlin, Germany, 1919. Discharged, Camp Dix, October 1919.
Appointed Foreign Service United States Department of Commerce, bureau of Foreign & Domestic Commerce, 1920 as Trade Commissioner attached to the United States Embassy, Berlin, Ger.