Party affiliation: Conservative Party
Member of Parliament for Southend West, since 1959. Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Minister of Power, 1959-1960. Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Home Secretary, 1960-1962.
Parliamentary Private Secretary to First Secretary of State, 1962. Parliamentary Private Secretary to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, 1963-1964. Opposition Spokesman on Arts and Amenities, 1967-1970.
Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Housing and Local Government, 1970. Joint Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of the Environment, 1970-1972. Minister of State for Northern Ireland, 1972.
Minister for Housing and Construction, 1972-1974. Opposition Spokesman on Price and Consumer Affairs, 1974. Opposition Spokesman on the Environment, 1974-1975.
Deputy Leader, Conservative Group on Council of Europe, 1976-1979. Minister of State Civil Service Department, 1979-1981. Minister for the Arts, 1981-1983.
Minister for Trade, 1983-1986. Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, 1986-1987. Secretary of State for Transport, 1987-1989.