Party affiliation: Labour Party
Member of the European Parliament, 1989 Socialist Group. Member political affairs committee. Chair, sub Committee on human rights.
Coal miner. National Coal Board, Nottingham, 1948-1956. University teacher, University of Nottingham, 1960-1989. Special Professor, Department of Education, since 1989.
- The Most Dangerous Decade: World Militarism and the New Non-aligned Peace Movement (Spokesman University Paperback)
Poverty, The Forgotten Englishmen, co-author, Penguin, 1970. The New Unionism, co-author, Penguin, 1974. The Most Dangerous Decade, Spokesman, 1984.
Trade Unions and Politics, co-author, Blackwell, 1986. Trade Unions in Britain, co-author, Fontana, 1988. Co-author, The Making of the Transport and General Workers Union, 1991.