Party affiliation: Conservative Party
Member of Parliament, Gateshead West, 19701983 (Labour). 1981-1983 (SDP); Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Transport, 1976-1979. Spokesman, Labour Party, economic affairs, 1979-1981.
Member. Conservative Party, since 1987. Member of Parliament, Orpington, since 1992. Market research officer, Rowntree & Company, 1960-1962.
Leader and feature writer. Financial Times. 1962-1965. The Economist, 1965-1968.
Man. director, CRU International Ltd. CRU Publishing Ltd.