Party affiliation: Estonian National Independence Party
Founder, Estonian National Party, 1988 and in charge of international relations, 1989-1990. Member. Provisional Communications Committee, Estonian Citizens’ Cttees Movements, 1989 and Chairman, General Committee, 1989. Member, Congress of Estonia, 1990- and member.
Economic Council, since 1992. Chairman, Council of Estonia, 1990. Member of the Supreme Council.
Member, Constitutional Assembly, 1991-1992. International politics lecturer. Society Teadus, 1957.
International politics commentator, Edasi newspaper, 1959-1965. Scientific worker. Central State Archive of History, Tartu, 1959-1965. Member. Editorial Board, Estonian Encyclopaedia, Valgus Publishing House, 1965-1975.
Employee, F. R. Kreutzwald State Library, 1975-1980. Worker, Ranna Stale Farm, 1980-1988.