Party affiliation: Civic Democratic Union
Member, Public Against Violence (VPN), 1989. Member of the Federal Assembly, 1990. Economic Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of Slovakia, 1990-1991.
Member, Republic Council, since 1990. Deputy Prime Minister of the Government of the Slovak Republic, 1990-1991. Chairman, 1991, First Vice Chairman, 1991 -.
Member of the Executive Committee, 1991-1992. Assistant, Economic University, 19611967. Researcher. Research Institut, of the Living Standard.
Researcher, Research Institut, of Labour and Social Affairs, 1967-1989.