Party affiliation: Italian Republican Party
Deputy, Turin-Novara-Vercelli, since 1972. Member Committee on Budget and Planning. Pres, of Committee on Trade, Industry, Craft, Foreign Trade.
1976-1979; Minister for budget and Economic Planning, in second Cossiga government, and in Forlani government, 1980-1982. Re-appointed, in first and second Spadolini government. Vice-Sec. Partito Repubblicano Italiano (Italian Republican Party), 1983.
President Committee on Foreign Affairs, 1983-1987. National Secretary Partito Repubblicano Italiano (Italian Republican Party), since 1987. Member of European Parliament, 9S9-.
Professor of Political Economy and Monetary Politics, University of Catania. Taught at Universities of Turin and Milan. Journalist and editorial writer for La Stampa, and La Repubblica.
Director (with Professor Felice Ippolito) of Energie e Materie Prime (magazine). Pres, of CEEP (Study Centre for Political Economy).