Party affiliation: Socialist Party
Councillor of Paris, 1977-1989. Special Councillor to the Chief Secretary of the Socialist Party, 1978-1979. National Delegate of culture for the PS, 1979-1981.
Minister for the Arts. 1981-1983 and 1984-1986. Minister delegated to the Arts, 1983-1984.
Elected Socialist Deputy of Loir-et-Cher, 1986, re-elected 1988, ceded seat to Michel Fromet. National Secretary of the Arts and Youth of the PS, 1987-1988. Minister for the Arts and Communications, 1988.
Minister for Culture, Communications, Major Works and the Bicentenary, 1988-1991. Minister of Culture and Communications: government spokesman, 1991-1992 Minister of State, Minister of National Education and Culture, since 1992. Creator and Director of the World Festival of the Academic Theatre, Nancy, 1963-1972.
Director of the Academic Theatre of Nancy, 1963-1972. Theatre Director of Chaillot Palace, 1972-1974. Teacher of International Law, 1976.
Director of research of legal and economic studies, Nancy. Law Lecturer at ParisX Nanterre, 1986-1988.