Party affiliation: Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
Grand-Ducal Athaeneum, Luxembourg City, school-leaving examination, 1954. University of Lausanne (School of Advanced Business Studies), first degree in economic and commercial sciences. International University of Luxembourg, higher diploma in comparative economics, 1960.
University of Lausanne, doctorate in commercial and economic sciences, 1961. Spoken languages: French, German, English, Luxembourgish.
Attaché, Ministry of National Economy. Director of studies. Department of Statistics and Economic Studies (STATEC). Communal Councillor for Esch-sur-Alzette and administrator of various intercommunal associations, 1969.
Deputy, since 1974; Chairman of POSL Parliamentary Group. 1974-1976; Chairman of Finance and Budget Committee of Chamber of Deputies, 1974-1976. Minister of Finance, 1976-1979.
Vice-Chairman of POSL Parliamentary Group, 84. Member of Parliamentary Foreign Affairs, Finance and Budget Committees, 1979-1984. Member of management Committee, POSL, since 1976.
Vice-Chairman of POSL, since 1982. Head of list of POSL for legislative elections in 1984 and 1989. Vice Pres, of the Government, Ministerof Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Co-operation, Minister for the Economy and Middle Classes, Minister of the Treasury, 1984.
Vice Pres, of the Government, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Foreign Trade and Cooperation and Minister for Public Order, since 1989. Director. Imprimerie Cooperative (printing company), 1964. Director, Tageblatt (daily newspaper), 1964.
Chairman of Luxembourg Newspaper Editors Association, until 1976. Director, Luxembourg Continental Bank, 1980. Director, Paribas Bank (Luxembourg), 1982.
Member of Committee of Banks and Bankers Association for Promotion of Luxembourg financial markets.