Party affiliation: Christian Democratic Appeal
Treasurer, CHU, 1976-1978. Secretary CHU, 1978-1980. Member of Provincial States, Zuid-Holland, 1978-1982.
Member of town council, Rotterdam, 1979-1981. General secretary Christen Democratisch Appel (Christian Democratic Appeal), 1980-1986. Campaign leader of Christen Democratisch Appel (Christian Democratic Appeal), 1986.
Member of Second Chamber, since 1986. Organisation adviser and co-secretary, FME Rotterdam.