Party affiliation: Italian Communist Party
Resistance fighter; Imprisoned by Nazi-Fascists, Milan 1944. Escaped and continued armed Resistance until 1945. Secretary Federation Italian Communist Party, Milan.
Member Regional Committee, Lombardy, Italian Communist Party, 1966. Councillor, Milan, 1960-1970. Regional Councillor, 1970-1971.
Member Central Committee of Italian Communist Party, from 1960. Member Leadership Political Office, Italian Communist Party, since 1969. Elected Deputy, MilanPavia, 1972.
Member Committee on Teaching and Fine Art. Re-elected Deputy, 1976. Member Committee on Teaching and Fine Art and Parliamentary Committee on the general direction of the radio-television services.
Re-elected Deputy, 1979. Member Committee on Teaching and Fine Art. Member Central Committee and Leadership of Italian Communist Party.
Head of Cultural department. Re-elected Deputy, 1983. Member Committee on Teaching and Fine Art.
Re-elected Deputy 1987. Member Committee on Justice. Vice-President Committee of Control on State Secrets and the Security Services.
Journalist; Editor, L’Unita. 1958-1962; (Milan); Director, L’Unità, since 1970.