Party affiliation: Socialist Party - Flemish Wing
University of Gent, degree in diplomatic sciences, thesis, summa cum laude, on the supranational character of the European Commission, 1966. European University Centre of Nancy, post-graduate course on scholarship from French Government. Traineeship with the European Commission, 1967-1968.
Oxford University, UE, summer school, 1969. Spoken languages: fluent in several languages.
International Secretary SP, 1976. Co-chmn., SP/PS, 1977. Chairman SP, 1977-1988.
Vice-Chairman Confederation of Socialist Parties of the European Community 1978-1980. Member of the European Parliament, 1979-1985. Head of SP for European elections, 1979 and 1984.
Deputy, 1985-1988; Vice-Chairman Socialist InterNational, since 1986. European Commissioner, responsible for Transport, Credit and Investments and Consumer Policy, 1989. Employee, National Scientific Research Fund, 1968-1970.
Assistant in international law, Vrije University Brussels, 1971-1973. Member private office of Henri Simonet, Vice President European Commission, 1973-1975. Head of private office of Willy Claes, Minister of Economic Affairs, 1977.
Part-time lecturer on European Institutes at Free University Brussels, since 1978.