Party affiliation: Leftist Union
Councillor, Vaasa, since 1969. Member, Vaasa City Board, 1970-1972. Chairman, Central Committee, Finnish Communist Party, since 1975.
Member of the Eduskunta, since 1987. Chairman, Finnish Communist Party, 90. Member. Foreign Affairs Committee, Eduskunta.
Member, Finnish Delegation, Nordic Council. Messenger, junior doorman and surveying assistant, 1954-1958. Storeroom keeper and sales clerk, SOK and Terâs Oy, 1959-1962.
Primary and comprehensive school teacher, 1964-1975 and 1983-1987.