Party affiliation: Conservative Party
Member of Parliament for Maldon, 1974-1983, and for Colchester South and Maldon, 1983-1992. Assistant Government Whip. 1979-1981; Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, 1981.
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Industry, 1981-1982. Minister ofState at the Treasury, 198283. Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury and Government Chief Whip, 198387.
Lord Privy Seal, 1987-1988. Leader of the House of Commons. 198789; Lord Pres, of the Council, 1988-1989.
Secretary ofState for Energy, 1989-1992. Lord Privy Seal and Leader of the House of Lords, since 1992. Chartered Accountant, 1960.
Former Company Director. Magistrate, Inner London, 1972.