Aleksandr Aleksandrovich DEYNEKA
Aleksandr DEYNEKA, USSR Painter. Graphic artist; sculptor; pedagogue; Honoured Art Worker Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic since 1945; full member and Presidium member, USSR Academy, of Arts, since 1947; board member, USSR Union of Artists.
DEYNEKA, Aleksandr was born in 1899.
1921-1924 studied at Higher State Art and Technology Studios.
Since 1928 pedagogics work. In 1920's joined “OST” (Society of Lathe-Operator Artists) and “Oktyabr” (October) art groups, experimenting with new methods in graphic arts. 1932 these groups abolished by decree of Central Committee, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks).
1935 traveled to Italy, France and United States of America on art appreciation tour. After World War II accused of formalism, ‘‘a conventional attitude towards art” and of “impoverishing and distorting the spiritual image of Soviet man”. His canvas “The Defense of Petrograd” (1927-1928) was kept many years in archives and was first exhibited in 1957, when Soviet critics acclaimed it a masterpiece.