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Andrei Andreyevich Gromyko (Andrei Burmakov)

Andrei Gromyko was a Soviet diplomat, Civil servant and Doctor of Economics Science. Also Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR (1985-1988); Minister of Foreign Affairs (1957-1985 ); First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers (1983-1985); Permanent Representative of the USSR to the United Nations (1946-1948); Member of Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee (1973-1980).

Background

  • Andrei Gromyko was born in village Staryya Gramyki (Gomel region) on 18 July 1909 in a 'semi-peasant, semi-worker' family. His father, Andrei Gromyko, was a worker. His mother, Olga Bekarevich, was a worker in the collective farm. It was a poor family and in such villages they appresciated only phisycal labor. But Andrei had a great desire for knowledge, always read books and did Komsomol 'lecturing' to his friends about nonexistence of God. He liked his Motherland, its nature and admired his parents very much, as he wrote in his memoirs 'they always believed in me and gave me the right direction in life'.

  • Education

    • 1934 graduated Minsk Institute of Agriculture; completed postgrad, course at Lenin Institute of Economics, Moscow

    Career

    • 1944 headed USSR delegation Dumbarton Oaks Conference, United States of America, which created United Nations. 1945 attended Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. Member, USSR delegation United Nations Conference, San Francisco.

      1954 member, Soviet delegation Foreign Ministry Conferences, Berlin and Geneva. 1955 member, USSR delegation Geneva Big Four Conference of Heads^of State. Accompanied Khrushchev and Bulganin on trips to Yugoslavia and SouthEast Asia.

      1956 accompanied Khrushchev and Bulganin on their visit to Great Britain. Took part in talks with Japan for restoration of normal USSR-Japanese relations. 1957 headed USSR delegate signing the agreements between USSR, German Democratic Republic, Rumania and Hungary concerning stationing of Soviet troops in these countries.

      Accompanied Khrushchev and Bulganin on their visit to Finland. 1959 headed USSR delegation at Geneva Foreign Ministry Conference on the German question. Accompanied Khrushchev on his trip to United States of America.

      1960 accompanied Khrushchev on his visits to South-East Asia and France. Attended Paris Big Four Conference of Heads of State. Frequently headed Soviet delegation at United Nations General Assembly sessions.

      1961 attended Geneva Conference on Laos Problem and also participated in Khrushchev-Kennedy meeting in Vienna. Deputy, USSR Supreme Soviet of 1946 and 1958 convocation. 1936-1939 senior associate, Institute of Economics, USSR Academy of Science, and Executive Secretary, Editor Board, journal “Problemy ekonomiki” (Problems of Economics).

      1939-1943 Head,Department of American Countries, USSR Popular Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, then counselor, USSR Embassy in United States of America. 1943-1946 USSR Ambassador to United States of America and simultaneously USSR Ministry to Cuba. 1946^18 USSR Permanent Representative, United Nations Security Council.

      1947-1949 USSR Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. 1949-1952 USSR First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. 1952-1953 USSR Ambassador to Great Britain.

      1952-1956 candidate member of the Central Committee, Communist Party of the Soviet Union. 1953-1957 USSR First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs.

    Politics

    Member, Communist Party, since 1931.

    Religion

    As long as the public believes in religion, they will not attempt to make any genuine effort to understand and overcome the real source of their suffering.

    Views

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union is the guiding force of all socialist countries, and the nucleus of their political system.

    Andrei Gromyko
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    Born July 18, 1909
    Died July 2, 1989
    (aged 79)
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