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Nikita Sergeevich KHRUSHCHEV

Nikita KHRUSHCHEV, USSR First Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, since 1953. twice Hero of Soviet Union, 1954, 1957; four Order of Lenin; Order of Red Banner of Labor, 1939; Order of Suvorov, Class I and П; Order of Kutuzov, Class I; Order of Patriotic War, Class I; two gold “Hammer and Sickle” medals; Lenin Peace Prize, 1959. Member, Communist Party, since 1918.

Background

  • KHRUSHCHEV, Nikita was born in 1894 in village Kalinovka, now Kursk Oblast.

  • Education

    • 1922-1925 studied at Workers’ Faculty, Donets Industry Institute, Stalino (now Donetsk). 1929-1931 studied at Stalin Industry Academy, Moscow.

    Career

    • Member, Central Committee, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks), since 1934. Member, Political Bureau (now Presidium), Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, since 1939. Chairman, Bureau for the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, since 1956.

      Chairman, USSR Soviet of Ministers, since 1958. Lieutenant-General since 1943. 1919-1920 fought against peasant uprisings in Kharkov area in Ukrainia.

      1922-1925 Secretary, Party Organization, Workers’ Faculty, Donets Industry Institute. 1929-1931 Secretary, Party Committee, Stalin Industry Academy, Moscow. 1934-1937 helped organize Party purge in Moscow and Moscow Oblast.

      1937 member of “commission of three’’ (with Molotov and Yezhov) for carrying out purge in Ukrainia. 1938-1941 and again 1944 till 1949 as First Secretary, Central Committee, Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Ukrainia, in charge of further purges in Ukrainia. During World War II member, Military Council, Kiev Special Military District.

      Member, Military Council of SouthWest, Stalingrad, South and First Ukrainia Fronts. Visited Soviet partisan units behind German lines. 1953, after appointment as First Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, joined post-Stalin power struggle within Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

      Played prominent role in removal of Beria. Initiated extended corn cultivation and virgin land development schemes. After ousting Molotov from post of Foreign Ministry proclaimed “peaceful coexistence” policy and engaged in a foreign policy the main aim of which was to create dissension among Western powers.

      1955 visited South-East Europe, Yugoslavia and India, and attended Geneva Conference of Heads of State. At 1956 Communist Party of the Soviet Union Congress initiated first phase of de-Stalinization program. Ordered suppression of Hungarian uprising.

      1957 by skilful deployment of his supporters in Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, succeeded in removing Malenkov-Molotov-Kaganovich “anti-Party group” from Presidium. Reorganized Soviet economics admin, on a territorial-unit basis. 1958 dissolved Machine-Tractor Station.

      Removed Bulganin from post of Chairman of USSR Soviet of Ministers on ground that he belonged to “anti-Party group” and assumed latter post himself. 1959 carried out reform of Soviet elementary and secondary education system. Proposed plan for conversion of West Berlin into “free” city.

      Visited United States of America and at 14th Session, United Nations General Assembly outlined proposal for “universal and total disarmament”, while rejecting Western proposal for an inspection system. 1960 reorganized Soviet armed forces with object of achieving maximum modernization together with partial demobilization. Visited France and disrupted four-power conference in Paris.

      Visited Indonesia, India and Afghanistan. Initiated establishment of “University of Peoples’ Friendship”, Moscow. At 15th session, United Nations General Assembly, again put forward plan for universal and total disarmament.

      1961 demanded conclusion of peace treaty with German Democratic Republic. At 1961 Communist Party of the Soviet Union Congress initiated second phase of de-Stalinization program. Again attacked anti-Party group and also Voroshilov.

      Accused group of responsibility for liquidation of Party, government and military cadres under Stalin. Deputy, USSR Supreme Soviet of all convocation. Presidium member, USSR Supreme Soviet of 1954 and 1958 convocation.

      Deputy, Supreme Soviet of all republ. of 1955 convocation. Deputy, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Supreme Soviet of 1959 convocation. 1911-1917 apprentice fitter, then fitter at a Kharkov machine-building plant and at pits and plants in the Donbas.

      1917-1918 Chairman, military section, Lungansk Soviet of Workers’ Deputy, and Commissar, Donbas First Proletarian Regiment. 1918-1919 Head, Agriculture Department, Kursk City Soviet of Workers’ and Peasants’ Deputy, then Chairman, Extraordinary Frontier Commission, Kursk, which was charged with control of frontier with Ukrainia (at that time an independent state). 1919-1920 employed in campaign against “criminal elements” in Kharkov.

      Commanded special battalion against Denikin and served as political comr. in Communist partisan detachment in rear of White army in Ukrainia. 1920-1922 Deputy Manager of a Donbas mine. 1925-1928 Secretary, Petrovsk-Marinsky Party Rayon Committee, Donbas, then Head, Organization Department, Okrug Party Committee, Stalino.

      1928-1929 Head, Organization Department, Kiev Oblast Committee(b) Ukrainia. 1931-1932 Secretary, Bauman, then Krasnopresnensky, District Committee, Moscow, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). 1923-1934 Second, then First Secretary, Moscow City Committee, and Second Secretary, Moscow Oblast Committee, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks).

      1935 till January 1938 First Secretary, Moscow Oblast and City Committee, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks). January 1938 till March 1947 and December 1947 till December 1949 First Secretary, Central Committee, Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Ukrainia. 1938-1939 candidate Political Bureau member of the Central Committee.

      Communist Party (Bolsheviks). March till December 1947 Chairman, Ukrainia Soviet of Ministers. December 1949 till March 1953 Secretary, Central Committee, and First Secretary, Moscow Oblast Committee, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks).

      March till September 1953 Secretary, Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

    Politics

    Member, Communist Party, since 1918.

    Membership

    Member, Communist Party, since 1918.
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    Born April 5, 1894
    Died September 11, 1971
    (aged 77)
    Nationality

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    Olga Borisik

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