Sergey SHAPOVALENKO, USSR Educator and theorist. Corresponding member, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Academy, of Pedagogical Science, since 1946; Director, Institute of Teaching Methods, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Academy, of Pedagogical Science, since 1950. Order of Red Banner of Labor, 1960; other orders; medals.
- Theorist on teaching methods. Advocate of poly technican education by linking education with productive labor. 1957 directed drafting of curriculum for new type of secondary school, approved 1958 by Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.