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Dmitriy Dmitrievich SHOSTAKOVICH

Dmitriy SHOSTAKOVICH, USSR Composer and pianist. two Order of Lenin; Order of Red Banner of Labor; medals; Stalin Prize, 1941, 1942, 1946, 1950, 1952; Lenin Prize, 1958; International Sibelius Prize, 1958.

Background

  • SHOSTAKOVICH, Dmitriy was born in 1906 in St. Petersburg.

  • Education

    • 1925 graduated Leningrad Conservatory. Until 1930 postgrad, student at conservatory.

    Career

    • Professor 1930; Popular Artist Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic since 1948, and of USSR since 1954. First Secretary, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Union of Composers. Member, Swedish Royal Academy, of Music, since 1954.

      Honorary member, St. Cecilia Academy, Rome, since 1956. Corresponding member, German Democratic Republic Academy, of Arts, since 1956. Honoured Doctor of Oxford University since 1958.

      Candidate member, Communist Party, since 1960. 1927 Musical Director, Leningrad Theater of Working Youth. 1937-1941 and 1945-1948 instructor, Leningrad Conservatory.

      1943-1948 simultaneously instructor, composition class, Moscow Conservatory. Since 1942 member, USSR Slavonic Committee. Since 1949 member, Soviet Committee the Defense of Peace.

      1939-1948 Presidium member, Organization Committee, USSR Union of Composers. 1937-1946 member, and 1947-1948, Chairman, Leningrad Section, USSR Union of Composers. Since 1957 Secretary, USSR Union of Composers.

      Deputy, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Supreme Soviet of 1947, 1951, 1955 and 1959 convocation. Attended Congresses for the Defense of Peace in New York 1949, Warsaw 1950, and Vienna 1952. 1959 member, delegate of Soviet composers to US.

      1948 some of his compositions, 2nd and 3rd Symphonies, opera “Ledi Makbet Mtsenskogo uezda” (Lady Macbeth of Mtsenk) and ballet “Svetly ruchey” (Bright Brook), were severely criticized as “abstract and formalistic” by Central Committee, All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) decree.
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    Born 1906
    Nationality