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Matvey Vasilevich ZAKHAROV

Matvey ZAKHAROV, USSR Marshal of the Soviet Union since 1959. Chief of General Staff, Soviet Army and Navy, and USSR First Deputy Minister of Defense since 1960; Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, since 1961. several Order of Lenin; higher military award of Mongolian. Popular Republic Order of Sukhe-Bator, 1961; other orders; medals; Hero of Soviet Union. Member, Communist Party, since 1917.

Background

  • ZAKHAROV, Matvey was born in 1898 in St. Petersburg.

  • Education

    • 1918 graduated Artillery Courses for Red Commanders in Petrograd. 1923 graduated Frunze Academy. 1938 graduated Voroshilov Higher Military Academy, of the General Staff.

    Career

    • 1944-1945 helped plan and lead major mobile operations in Rumania, Hungary, Austria and Czechoslovakia. Deputy, USSR Supreme Soviet of 1954 and 1958 convocation. 1955 promoted to full general.

      Until 1917 mechanic at Siemens and Halske Plant in Petrograd. 1917 volunteer in Red Guard. Paricipated in Bolshevik uprising in October 1917 and storming of Winter Palace in Petrograd.

      Commanded artillery units in Civil War. Since 1918 staff posts in Red Army. During World War II appointed Chief of Staff on: Kalinin Front, 1941.

      Leningrad Front and Steppe Front, 1943. Second Ukrainia Front, 1944. Transbaykal Front, 1945.

      After World War II Deputy Commander, Soviet Forces in Far East. Head, Voroshilov Higher Military Academy. Deputy Chief, Army General Staff, and Chief Inspector, USSR Armed Forces.

      1955-1957 Commander, Leningrad Military District. November 1957-April 1960 Commander, group of Soviet occupation troops in Germany.

    Politics

    Member, Communist Party, since 1917.

    Religion

    Religions encourage war and violence to promote their religious goals.

    Views

    The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.

    Membership

    Member, Communist Party, since 1917.
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    Born 1898
    Nationality