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Georgiy Konstantinovich ZHUKOV

Georgiy ZHUKOV, USSR Marshal of the Soviet Union since 1943. five Order of Lenin; two Order of Victory; four Order of Gold Star; over 20 major Soviet and foreign orders and decorations; four times Hero of Soviet Union. Member, Communist Party, since 1919.

Background

  • ZHUKOV, Georgiy was born in 1896 in village Strelkovka, Kaluga Gubemiya.

  • Education

    • 1931 graduated Frunze Military Academy.

    Career

    • During Civil War took part in Tsaritsyn operation and in operations against General Denikin, Roland and General Wrangel. 1939 conducted operation against Japanese at Khalkhin-Gol. Took part in breaching of Mannerheim Line.

      1941 directed fighting near Moscow. At General Headquarters held pos. as Supreme Command plenipotentiary for coordinating operations on several fronts. Prepared operations for: Stalingrad (1942), Kursk-Orel, Kharkov and Smolensk (1943) and Yassy-Kishinev (1944).

      Early 1945 commanded a front in Vistula-Oder and then Berlin operations. May 8, 1945, accepted capitulation of Germany. At 1952 Communist Party of the Soviet Union Congress elected candidate member of the Central Committee.

      1953 elected Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. 1955 accompanied Bulganin and Khrushchev to Geneva Conference. 1957 visited Yugoslavia and Albania.

      At 1956 Communist Party of the Soviet Union Congress elected first candidate Presidium Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. July 1957 Presidium Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. November 1957 dismissed from post as Presidium member and Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, “for violating Leninist principles concerning the administration of the armed forces”.

      1916-1918 private and non-commissioned officer, 10th Novgorod Dragoons Regiment. 1918-1920 platoon and troop commander, Budenny’s 1st Cavalry Army. 1920-1928 troop commander, 4th Cavalry Division, 3rd Cavalry Corps, Belarusian Military District.

      1931-1932 assist, regiment commander, 6th Cavalry Division, Belarusian Military District. 1932-1937 commanded a regiment of this division. 1934-1936 Commander, 4th Cavalry Division.

      193637 Commander, 3rd Cavalry Corps. 1937-1939 Deputy Commander of Cavalry, Belarusian Military District. 1939-1940 commanded a group of troops against Japanese Army at Khalkhin Gol River on Mongolian-Manchurian frontier, then Deputy Commander, Kiev Military District.

      1940-1941 Chief of Staff of an army on Finnish Front, and then Commander, Kiev Military District. 1941-1944 Chief of General Staff, Red Army, then Commander in Chief, Western Front, and later First Deputy Commander in Chief, USSR Armed Forces. 1944-1945 Commander in Chief, First Ukrainia and First Belarusian Fronts.

      1945-1946 Commander in Chief, occupation forces in Germany, and Chief, Soviet Military Administration. 1946-1953 Commander in Chief, Soviet Land Forces, later Commander, Odessa, then Ural Military Districts. 1953-1955 USSR First Deputy Minister of Defense, then Minister of Defense.

      November 1957 dismissed from above post.

    Politics

    Member, Communist Party, since 1919.

    Membership

    Member, Communist Party, since 1919.
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