logo logo

Nikolai Ivanovich BUKHARIN

Nikolai Ivanovich BUKHARIN, economist.

Background

  • BUKHARIN, Nikolai Ivanovich was born in 1888 in Moscow, Russia.

  • Career

    • One of the chief theorists of the Russian Revolution and the Soviet State, he became a revolutionary whilst studying economics. He was an exile

      with Lenin in the years 1911-1917 when he wrote a number of theoretical works, including an analysis of imperialism, on which Lenin drew repeatedly. For a while, in the 1920s, he was an ally of Stalin who nevertheless had him expelled from his positions of influence in 1929.

      He argued for a policy of industrialisation at the expense of the peasantry but drew back from Stalin’s adoption of an extreme version of his argument. He was indicted in the third round of the Moscow Trials and was executed in 1938. Editor, Pravda, Novy Mir Izvestia Member, Russian Politburo, Comintern.

    Works

    • Imperialism and World Economy
    • Unlike some other reproductions of classic texts (1) We have not used OCR(Optical Character Recognition), as this leads to bad quality books with introduced typos.

    Views

    Bukharin’s pre-1917 writings influenced Lenin’s V|ews on imperialism and the dictatorship of the Proletariat, and in 1919-1921 he wrote two summanes of Marxist theory that served as textbooks for years to come. The first. The A BC of Communism, was designed for a broad popular audience. The second. Historical Materialism, was intended for use in Communist Party schools.

    In his overall philosophical outlook Bukharin was indebted to Bogdanov as well as to Engels, and he is known as one of the principal ‘mechanists’ in Soviet philosophy—that is, Marxist materialists who defended a positivistic rather than a Hegelian version of dialectics and who explained motion as a result of external forces rather than internal ‘contradictions’. Bukharin's ‘equilibrium theory’ postulates a system of opposing forces in which development takes place through the disturbance and reestablishment of equilibrium. Bukharin supported Lenin’s New Economic Policy and was opposed to forced collectivization.

    He envisaged the transition from capitalism to communism as a more gradual process with a mixed economy and a democratic political system. These views aroused Stalin's ire, and in 1938 Bukharin was convicted of counterrevolutionary activity and executed. The same views are responsible for the strong revival of interest in Bukharin among reform-minded communists and socialists in Eastern Europe in recent years.

    Personality

    Interests

    Social and Political philosophy. Dialectic and historial materialism.

    See on larger map
    Born September 27, 1888
    Died March 15, 1938
    (aged 49)
    Nationality

    Contributor  

    Olga Borisik

    last changed 13/07/2017 view changes
    • First Name
    • Other Names
    • Spelling variants for First Name
    • Spelling variants for Last/Family/Name
    • Middle Name
    • Album
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
      • Photo
        • Description
    • Birth month
    • Birth day
    • Place
    • Death month
    • Death day
    • Place
    • Address
    • Family description
    • Membership description
    • Works
      • book: The Economic Theory of the Leisure Class (Marxist Library Volume VI)
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: The economic theory of the leisure class / by Nikolai Bukharin (Marxist library)
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: The ABC of Communism / by Nikolai Bukharin and E. Preobrazhensky ; Introduction by E. H. Carr ; [Translated from the Russian by Eden and Cedar Paul]
        • mainPhoto
      • book: The Economic Theory of the Leisure Class (Modern reader, PB-261)
        • mainPhoto
      • book: The Economic Theory of the Leisure Class (Modern reader, PB-261) 1st in this edition by Bukharin, Nikolai I. (1972) Paperback
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: [ { THE ECONOMIC THEORY OF THE LEISURE CLASS (ENGLISH, RUSSIAN) } ] by Bukharin, Nikolai I (AUTHOR) Jan-01-2011 [ Paperback ]
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and World Economy (Monthly Review Press Classic Titles)
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and World Economy
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and World Economy (Monthly Review Press Classic Titles) by Bukharin, Nikolai (1929) Paperback
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and world economy / by Nikolai Bukharin ; with an introduction by V.I. Lenin
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and world economy [ca. 1917]
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and world economy; - Scholar's Choice Edition
        • mainPhoto
      • book: [ Imperialism and World Economy (Mod Rdr PB) (Russian, English) ] By Bukharin, Nikolai I ( Author ) [ 1929 ) [ Paperback ]
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: [ { IMPERIALISM AND WORLD ECONOMY (MOD RDR PB) (RUSSIAN, ENGLISH) } ] by Bukharin, Nikolai I (AUTHOR) Jan-01-1929 [ Paperback ]
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: Imperialism and world economy; [FACSIMILE]
        • mainPhoto
      • book: **REPRINT** Imperialism and world economy
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
      • book: The ABC of communism
        • mainPhoto
      • book: The ABC of communism / by N. Buharin & E. Preobrazhensky ; translated by Eden and Cedar Paul
        • Works description
        • mainPhoto
    • Religious beliefs
    • Views and World outlook
    • Quotations
    • Party affiliation description
    • Favorite Sports & Clubs
    • Favorite Athletes
    • Ethnicity details
    • School and college years description
    • Favorite Political Figures
    • Favorite Philosophers & Thinkers
    • Favorite Music & Bands
    • Favorite writers
    • Favorite Artists
    • Other interests
    • Career Description
    • Personality
    • Quotes from others about the person
    • Physical Characteristics
    Go
    up
    Edit Profile