Charles FOURIER, French economist.
FOURIER, Charles was born in 1772 in Besançon, France.
Socialist thinker who sought to prescribe a social order in harmony with natural order. His decription of the ‘phalanstery’, a social unit whose numbers and organisation were based on his understanding of the order of the cosmos, led to various Fourierist experiments. His system was nonrevolutionary, was believed to be able to flourish within any type of political system, and had some influence on later co-operative movements.
Achieved subsequent notoriety as a ‘utopian socialist’ scorned by the founders of ‘scientific socialism’, Marx and Engels. Businessman and civil servant until 1816, then private income.