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François PERROUX

François PERROUX, French economist in the field of General Economic Theory; Economic Planning Theory; Regional Economics.

Background

  • PERROUX, François was born in 1903 in Lyons, France.

  • Education

    • Licence et Diplôme d’Etudes Supérieures des Lettres, Doctorat de Sciences Economics, University Lyons, 1924, 1932. Agrégé des Sciences Economics, University Paris, 1928. Honorary Dr Universities, Sao-Paulo, 1936, Coimbra, Portugal, 1937, Liège, 1955, Frankfurt-am-Main, 1957, Lisbon, 1960, Cordoba, 1963, Montevideo, 1963, Georgetown, Washington, 1963, ICA, Peru, 1964, Lima, 1964-1968, Chile, 1967, Barranquilla, Colombia, 1967-1968, Bogotá, 1968, Quebec, 1968, Barcelona, 1969, Bucharest, 1969, Ottawa, 1974.

    Career

    • Professor, College, de France, 1925-1975. Professor, University Lyons, 1926-1928. Professor, University Paris, Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne, 1938-1955.

      President, Institut de Sciences Mathematique et Economique Appliquee, Paris. Honorary Professor, College, de France. President, Conseil Scientifique de riSMEA, since 1975.

    Major achievements

    • Grand Croix de l’Order National du Mérite. Commander, Légion d’Honneur; Commander, Palmes Académiques. Conseil National Services Publics, 1945.

      Conseil Supérieur Comptabilité, 1947. President, Congrès Internat, de la Comptabilité, 1948. Près., Sous-Commission Méthodes, Commission Comptes Budgets Economics.

      Conseil Economique et Social. Ministère Finance, 1952. French Co-dir., European Society Culture, Venice, 1956.

      Member, Conseil International Sciences Sociales, 1960. Foreign Member, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 1960. Corresp. Fellow, B A, 1961.

      Honorary Member, American Economic Association, 1962. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France, 1963. Médaillé d’Or ‘C.C. Söderström’, Royal Academy Sciences, Stockholm, 1971.

      Association Member, Academie de Bruxelles. Member, Royal Academy, Barcelona.

    Works

    Views

    Studies on structure, economic growth, industrialisation, common markets, regional policies, economic spaces, international trade. After thorough study of the static general equilibrium theory, was led to develop a generalised equilibrium theory based on the concept of active units capable of modifying their environment. Asymmetrical actions in the irreversible time are combined in a whole whose temporary equilibria engender, under specified conditions, a general ‘equilibrium’ characterised by the exhaustion of the agent’s energy for change.

    This state provides a framework, in terms of pre-topology, for the active units to hold together and to react on each other through market operations and organisational processes.

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