University of Toulouse, 1954-1956, Physics, Chem, Bio. University of Missouri, United States of America, 1958-1961, Bachelor of Arts Economic. University of Pennsylvania, United States of America, 1961-1962, Master of Arts International Rel.
Spoken languages: Arabic, Berber, English, French, Indonesian, Spanish.
Chief, Publicity, Assistant & Promotion of International Action Branch, Center Against Apartheid, United Nations since 1980. Chief, Publicity Unit, Centre Against Apartheid, New York, 1976-1980. Pol Affairs Officer, Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, United Nations, New York, 1972-1976.
Chief Information Officer, Press & Information Department, Organization of African Unity, Ethiopia, 1967-1972. Advisor, Minister of Information & Culture, 1967, Deputy Director for International Economic Cooperation, Ministry of Planning & Finance, 1965-1966, various positions, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1962-1963, Algerian Government. Representative of Provisional Government of Algeria in Indonesia, 1961-1962.