University of the Punjab, Pakistan, 1966-1969, Bachelor of Arts. Cambridge University, United Kingdom, 1970-1972, Bachelor of Arts (Honours), Master of Arts. University of Sussex, United Kingdom, 1976-1980, Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy.
Spoken languages: Urdu, English, Farsi, French, Spanish.
Senior Economist, Fiscal Affairs Department, International Monetary Fund since 1990. Senior Economist, World Development Report 1990, World Bank, Washington, District of Columbia, 1989-1990. Director, Development Economic Rch Program, London School of Economic, 1986-1990.
Deputy Director, Development Economic Rch Center, University of Warwick, United Kingdom, 1980-1986. Lecturer, Department of Economic, Quaid-e-Azam University, Pakistan, 1973-1978.