University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom, 1961-1966, Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, 1968, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. University of London, 1971, DCMT.
University of Liverpool, 1975-1976, M Community Health. Spoken languages: Somali, Arabic, English, Italian.
Regional Advisor on Communicable Diseases, Division of Disease Prevention & Control, World Health Organization Regional Office(s) for the Eastern Mediterranean since 1986. Senior World Health Organization Health Coord, United Nations Office in Khartoum, Sudan, 1985-1986. World Health Organization Representative, Yemen, 1983-1985.
Deputy World Health Organization Representative, Sudan, 1982-1983. Senior World Health Organization/United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Health Coord, Somalia, 1980-1982. Director of Preventive Medical, Ministry of Health, Somalia, 1979-1980.
Programme Manager, Smallpox Eradication Programme, World Health Organization, Somalia, 1977-1979. Senior Physician, 1972-1975, Physician, 1970, Medical Officer, 1969, Department of Curative Medical, Ministry of Health, Somalia & Organization of African Unity, Equatorial Guinea. Internist, National Health Serv, United Kingdom, 1967-1968.