Oxford University, 1955-1958, Bachelor of Arts Jurisprudence. Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, United Kingdom, 1958-1959, Barrister-At-Law. Police Staff College, United Kingdom, 1968, 1974, 1979, Graduate Senior Command Course.
National Defence College, United Kingdom, 1982. Spoken languages: English, French.
Chief, Suppression of Illicit Traffic Section, Tech Serv Division, United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) since 1990. Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Special, Operations Department, Head of Force Planning, Metropolitan Police, New Scotland Yard, London, 1985-1989. Commander, Personnel & Training Department, Metropolitan Police, London, 1982-1984.
Police Investigator (seconded to ICPO/INTERPOL General Secretariat as Head of Drug Sub-Division, 1975-1978), 1964-1984. Management Trainee, retail boot & shoe trade, United Kingdom, 1962-1964. Officer, 7th Gurkha Rifles Regiment, British Army, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Malaysia, 1960-1962.