University of Ankara, 1950-1954, Bachelor of Arts Economic. University of Istanbul, 1954-1955, Doctor of Philosophy Studies. Harvard University, 1956-1957, Visiting Scholar.
New York University, 1957-1958, Exchange Faculty Member. University of Istanbul, 1958, Doctor of Philosophy Economic. Spoken languages: Turkish, English.
Managing Director, Office(s) of the President, World Bank since 1991. Vice President, Asia Regional, 1987-1991, Vice President, East Asia & Pacific Regional, 1983-1987, Director, Europe, Middle East & North Africa Country Program Department, 1979-1982, Director, Development Policy Staff, 1975-1979, Chief Economist, Europe, Middle East & North Africa Regional, 1973-1975, World Bank, Washington, District of Columbia. Deputy Prime Minister, Government of Turkey, 1971.
Senior Economist/Economist, Europe/ Economic Department, Middle East & North Africa Regional, World Bank, Washington, District of Columbia, 1966-1971. Consultant, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, 1965-1966. Military Service, Turkey, 1963-1965, Head, Economic Planning Department, State Planning Organization, Turkey, 1960-1962.