Coord, Global Blood Safety Initiative, Laboratory Technology & Blood Safety, World Health Organization since 1990. Director of Laboratory Services, 1987-1990, Director of Blood Procurement, 1976-1987, Finnish Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Helsinki, Finland. Instructor, Department of Immunology, Medical University of South Carolina, United States of America, 1975-1976.
Department Physician, 1973-1975, Resident, 1972, Finnish Red Cross Blood Transfusion Service, Helsinki. Chief, Blood Group Serology Department, Central Public Health Laboratory, Helsinki, 1971.