University of Pavia, Italy, 1970-1976, Doctor ol Medicine. University of Modena, Italy, 1976-1979, Diploma Paediatrician, 1979-1980, Diploma Neonatal. University of London, 1981, Nutrition.
Centres for Disease Control, United States of America, 1989, Epidemiology. Spoken languages: English, Italian, French.
Medical Officer, Global Program on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome/Coop with National Program, World Health Organization since 1986. Medical Officer/Nutritionist, Joint Nutrition Support Programme, World Health Organization, Mali, 1986-1988. Expert, Jt Ministry of Foreign Affairs/United Nations Children's Fund Emergency Nutrition Project(s), Chad, 1985.
Consultant, Maternal & Child Health/Family Planning, World Health Organization, Sudan, 1984. Consultant, Ministry of Health, Lebanon, 1982-1984. Officer-in-Charge, PMI, Ministry of Health, Italy, 7982.