PUC, Rio de Janeiro, 1964-1968, Bachelor of Science Engineering. University of the State of Guanabara, Brazil, 1965-1968, Bachelor of Arts Economic. University of Sao Paulo, 1969-1970, Master of Arts Economic.
Johns Hopkins University, 1972-1976, Doctor of Philosophy Economic. Spoken languages: Spanish, French, English, Portuguese.
Division Chief, Finance Sector, Central Banking Department, International Monetary Fund since 1988. Senior Economist, Central Banking Department, 1983-1988, Economist, African Department, 1977-1980, International Monetary Fund, Washington, District of Columbia. Economist, Instituto de Pesquisas Economicas, University of Sao Paulo, 1971.
Economist, Instituto de Pesquisas Economicas Aplicadas, Ministry of Planning, Brazil, 1970.