Faculty of Socl & Pol Science(s), Indonesia, 1965-1970, Doctoranda (Massachusetts). Foreign Serv Courses, Australia, 1973. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Commercial Policy Courses, Geneva, 1981.
Graduate School of Arts & Sciences, New York, 1989-1991, Master of Arts. Spoken languages: Indonesian, English.
Minister Counsellor, Economic & Socl Affairs, Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the United Nations. Head, Division of International Trade & Monetary Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Indonesia, 1986-1988. Counsil, Head of Economic Division II, Indonesian Mission to United Nations, Geneva, 1982-1986.
Head, Section of Food, Agriculture & Commodities, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1978-1982. Head, Pol Section, Indonesian Embassy, Philippines, 1974-1978. Head of Section, Sports & Cultural Affairs, Bureau of Information, 1973-1974, Staff Directorate of European Affairs, 1971-1972, Head of Section, Bureau(s) of Personnel, 1968-1971, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.