Party affiliation: Labour Party
Member, Science and Education Sub-Cttec., Laboratory National Executive Committee, 1974-1975, 1978-1983. House of Lords, since 1987. Opposition Front Bench Spokesperson on Education and Science.
Professional career: Association, lecturer, Enfield College, 1965-1966. Asst, lecturer and lecturer in social admin., London School of Economics, 1966-1975. Adviser. Central Policy Review Staff, Cabinet Office, 1975-1978.
Prof, of educational admin., Inst, of Education, 1978-1983. Deputy Education Officer, then clerk and Director of Education, Inner London Education Authority, 1983-1986. Fellow, Policy Studies Institute, 198687.
Master, Birkbeck College, since 1987.
- Inside the Think Tank: Advising the Cabinet 1971-1983
- A study of the institution known as the Central Policy Review Staff, or "Think Tank", set up by Edward Heath and abolished by Margaret Thatcher, which was created to encourage ministers to anticipate future difficulties before they became reality.