Party affiliation: Christian Democratic Party
Member, Hengelo Town Council, 1970-1976. Member, Provincial States Overyssel, 1978-1982. Member, Eersle Kamer (Senate), since 1982.
Chairwoman, Standing Committee, Antillean and Aruban Affairs. Vice-Chairwoman, Standing Committee on Education. Professional career: teacher of child psychology, secondary and adult education, 1954-1963.
Lecturer, teacher training college, Butimba Mwanza, Tanzania, 1963-1965. Research fellow, Netherlands University Fellowship of International Co-operation, Tanzania, 1965-1968. School of Social Work, Hengelo, 1969-1984.
Lecturer. Conservatory of Music, Enschede, since 1984.