Party affiliation: Labour Party
Parly, candidate, 1951, 1955. Member of Parliament, 1959-1987. Joint UnderSec. of State for Scotland, 196466.
Minister of State for Commonwealth Relations, 1966-1967. Minister of Social Security, 1967. PaymasterGeneral, 1968-1969.
Minister of Overseas Development, 1969-1970, 1974-1975, 1977-1979. Prinicipal Opposition Front Bench Spokesman on Overseas Aid, 1970-1974, 1979-1980. Chairman, Labour Party, 1981-1982.
House of Lords, since 1988. Chair, United Nations Association, United Kingdom. Vice-President, World Universities Service.
Vice president, World Disarmament Campaign (United Kingdom). CoChair, United Nations Secretary General’s Panel on South Africa, 1987, 1989. Professional career: lecturer and research worker in sociology, 1945-1949, 1955-1957.