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Arthur Charles Clarke (Sir Arthur Charles Clarke)

Sir Arthur Charles Clarke was a British author, who became the most famous science fiction writer in the world after the release of the film 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968).

Background

  • Arthur Charles Clarke was born to a family of an English farmer in the seaside town of Minehead, in the county of Somerset in southwestern England, on December 16, 1917. As a child, he enjoyed stargazing and reading American science fiction magazines, which sparked his lifelong enthusiasm for space sciences. After moving to London in 1936, Clarke was able to pursue his interest further by joining the British Interplanetary Society (BIS.) He worked with astronautic material in the Society, contributed to the BIS Bulletin, and began writing science fiction.

  • Education

    • At the age of 10, Clark got acquainted with science fiction when he was presented with a magazine issue of «Amazing Stories». When he was 13, his father died. He was a veteran of World War I. His death seriously affected the life of Clark as well as his future works. After finishing school in 1936, he moved to London, where he was hired as an auditor in the Treasury. He also joined the British Interplanetary Society. One of its goals was the promotion of the idea of space flight.

      In 1948 he graduated with honors from King's College, London, where he studied physics and mathematics. After the war he earned a first-class degree in mathematics and physics at King's College London. Afterwards, he worked as Assistant Editor at Physics Abstracts. Clarke served as Chairman of the British Interplanetary Society from 1946 to 1947 and again from 1951 to 1953

    Career

    • His first professional science fiction publication is the story "Loophole. Early in his career, Clarke was fascinated by paranormal phenomena and stated that it was part of the inspiration for his novel Childhood's End.

      Arthur C. Clarke made an undoubted contribution to the fantasy genre, and became a coauthor of the script of the famous film "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968), directed by Stanley Kubrick. Somewhat later, Clark published the novel "2001: A Space Odyssey" which marked the beginning of a series of four books.

      Among Arthur C. Clarke's best known novels are "Childhood's End" (1953), "The City and the Stars" (1956), "Rendezvous with Rama" (1973), "The Fountains of Paradise" (1979).

    Works

    • Childhood's End

    Religion

    In 2000, Clarke told the Sri Lankan newspaper, The Island, "I don't believe in God or an afterlife," and he identified himself as an atheist.

    Denomination: Atheist

    Views

    Quotations: A famous quotation of Clarke's is often cited: "One of the great tragedies of mankind is that morality has been hijacked by religion."

    Membership

    • Royal Society Arts; British Interplanetary Society (chairman 1947-50, 53) , British
      1947 - 1950

    • Fellow Royal Astronomical Society

    • International Council Integrative Studies

    • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

    • Institute Engineers Sri Lanka (named honorary fellow 1983)
      1956 - 2008

    • Sri Lanka Astronomical Society

    • Royal Astronomical Society

    • Association British Sci. Writers (life)

    • International Academy Astronautics

    • World Academy Art and Sci.

    • National Space Institute (director)

    • British Sci. Fiction Association (president)

    • Royal Society Arts

    • British Sub-Aqua Club

    • British Astronomical Association

    • H.G. Wells Society (honorary vice president)

    • Sci. Fiction Writers American

    • International Sci. Writers Association

    • Sci. Fiction Foundation

    • Society Authors (council)

    • American Astronautical Association

    • American Association for Advancement of Sci.

    • National Academy Engineering

    • Third World Academy of Scis. (associate fellow)

    • Sri Lanka Animal Welfare Association

    • Sri Lanka Association Advancement Sci.

    • Sri Lanka National Institute Paraplegics

    • Astronomical Society Haringey

    • Society Satellite Profls. (honorary chairman, Hall of Fame 1987)

    • National Space Society (board directors, Resident Advisor Heinlein Memorial award 1990)

    • Royal Asiatic Society

    • Astronomical Society Pacific

    • National Academy Engineering (foreign associate).

    Personality

    Interests

    Sport & Clubs: diving

    Connections

    • Clark was married to an American Marilyn Mayfield, an attractive young woman, whom he met during his trip to the United States in 1953. After a whirlwind romance lasting less than three weeks, they got married in New York in June of the same year. However, it soon became clear that the marriage was unsuccessful. Clark spent most of his time reading and writing, talking about his work. In addition, he wanted to become a father, and Marilyn, who had a son from a previous marriage, could not have children because of an unsuccessful operation at the birth of her first child. In December, the couple separated, although, officially the divorce procedure was completed only in 1964.
    • father: Charles - Engineer signalman
      Arthur's father saw him only in 1918, when he returned home from World War I. After the war, he was unable to work in his former specialization as a communications engineer at the post office. He decided to take up farming. Lieutenant Clark was unable to recover from the consequences of a gas attack. In the closing stages of his life, he did not get up and could do nothing to help the family. His father died when Arthur was 13 years old.
    • mother: Norah - housekeeper
    • a friend: Mike Wilson
    Arthur Clarke
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    Born December 16, 1917
    Died March 19, 2008
    (aged 90)
    Nationality
    Ethnicity:
    • 1936
      Huish Grammar school in Taunton
    • 1936 - 1941
      Auditor, British Civil Service
      London, Mpumalanga, South Africa
    • 1946 - 1948
      King's College
    • 1949 - 1950
      assistant, editor Science Abstracts Institute of Electrical Engineers
    • 1951 - 1979
      author
    • 1979 - 2002
      chancellor University Moratuwa
      Sri Lanka
    • 1980 - 2000
      Vikram Sarabhai professor, Physical Research Laboratory
      Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, Gujarat, India, India

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