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John Paul Scott

John Paul Scott, American psychologist, educator, author. Rhodes scholar, University Oxford, 1930-1932; recipient Jordan prize Indiana Academy of Sciences, 1947, Distinguished Alumnus award University Wyoming, 1976, Dobzhansky award for eminent research Behavior Genetics Association, 1987, Outstanding Achievement award University Wyoming, 1990; Center Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences fellow, 1963-1964.

Background

  • Scott, John Paul was born on December 17, 1909 in Kansas City, Missouri, United States. Son of John William and Vivian (Armstrong) Scott.

  • Education

    • Bachelor, University Wyoming, 1930. Postgraduate, Lincoln College, University Oxford, England, 1932. Doctor of Philosophy, University Chicago, 1935.

    Career

    • Assistant in zoology University Chicago, 1932-1935, professor biopsychology, 1958. Member faculty Wabash College, Crawfordsville, Indiana, 1935-1945, professor zoology, 1942-1945, chairman department, 1935-1945. Chairman division behavior studies Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, 1945-1958, trustee, 1946-1949, senior staff scientist, 1958-1965.

      Research professor psychology Bowling Green (Ohio) University, 1965-1980, Ohio Regents professor, 1968-1980, professor emeritus, from 1980. Director Center for Research on Social Behavior, 1966-1980. Research professor psychology Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, 1982-1983.

      Member Maine Board Psychological Examiners, 1956-1959.

    Works

    • Animal Behavior: A Beginner's Guide (Beginner's Guides)
    • Why do birds have regional accents? Can horses learn math? What do animals without eyes see? Questions such as these have fascinated scientists and animal lovers alike long before ethology — the study of animal behavior — became recognized as a science in the 1970s.
    • Animal Behavior: A Beginner's Guide (Beginner's Guides)
    • Why do birds have regional accents? Can horses learn math? What do animals without eyes see? Questions such as these have fascinated scientists and animal lovers alike long before ethology — the study of animal behavior — became recognized as a science in the 1970s.
    • Animal Behavior: A Beginner's Guide (Beginner's Guides)
    • Why do birds have regional accents? Can horses learn math? What do animals without eyes see? Questions such as these have fascinated scientists and animal lovers alike long before ethology — the study of animal behavior — became recognized as a science in the 1970s.
    • Essential Animal Behavior
    • Essential Animal Behavior provides a comprehensive introduction to all areas of the subject: from the genetic and neurobiological control of behavior to the learning, development, and function of behavior in an evolutionary context.

    Membership

    Fellow American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Psychological Association, Animal Behavior Society (Distinguished Animal Behaviorist award 1990), New York Zoological Society. Member Maine Psychological Association (president 1953-1954), American Society Zoologists, American Eugenics Society (vice president 1963), Ecological Society of America (chairman section animal behavior and sociobiology 1957-1958), International Society for Development Psychobiology (president 1972-1978), International Society for Research on Aggression (president 1973-1974), Behavior Genetics Association (president 1975-1976), Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi.

    Connections

    • Married Sarah Fisher, June 18, 1933 (deceased September 1978). Children: Jean Scott Franck, Vivian Scott Hixson, John, David. Married Mary-Vesta Marston, June 30, 1979.
    • father: John William Scott
    • mother: Vivian (Armstrong) Scott
    • spouses: Sarah Fisher
    • Mary-Vesta Marston
    • children: Jean Scott Franck Scott
    • Vivian Scott Hixson Scott
    • John Scott
    • David Scott
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    Born December 17, 1909
    Died March 26, 2000
    (aged 90)
    Nationality
    • 1930
      University Wyoming
    • 1932
      Lincoln College
    • 1935
      University Chicago
    • 1935 - 1945
      member, faculty Wabash College
      Crawfordsville, Indiana, United States
    • 1945 - 1958
      chairman, division behavior studies Roscoe B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory
      Bar Harbor, Maine, United States
    • 1966 - 1980
      director, Center for Research on Social Behavior
    • 1982 - 1983
      research professor, psychology Tufts University
      Medford, Massachusetts, United States
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