College education at Waynesburg, Pennsylvania. Doctor of Laws, Waynesburg College, 1903, Cornell College, Iowa, 1904. Studied surveying and became assistant chief engineer Cincinnati, Richmond & Fort Wayne Railroad: studied law in offices of McClellan & Hodges, Chicago.
Admitted to Illinois bar, 1875. Practiced Chicago, 1875-1878. Removed to Des Moines, Iowa, 1878.
Member Iowa House of Representatives, 1888.
Candidate for United States senator, 1894 and 1900. Chairman Republican State Convention, 1892 and 1896.
Member Republican National Committee, 1896-1900. Governor of Iowa, 1902-1904, 1904-1906.
1906-1908; United States senator, 1908-1927.
Succeeded Calvin Coolidge as president of Senate, August 1923. Home: Des Moines, Iowa.
Member Iowa; member Republican
Married Ida L. Gallery, June 24, 1874.