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Andrei Grigor’evich Shkuro


Andrei Shkuro, USSR Lieutenant-general.


Shkuro, Andrei was born on February 7, 1886 in Ekaterinodar. Son of a Kuban Cossack colonel.


Graduated from the Nikolaevskoe Cavalry School in Petersburg, 1907.


Attended Moscow Cadet Corps, 1907. Served on the Persian border, 1908. During World War I, became known as a Cossack officer, sent with missions behind enemy lines on the Rumanian front. After the October Revolution 1917, returned to his native Kuban, and during the Civil War, recruited a group of White Cossacks which waged a successful guerrilla war against the Reds.

Later joined the Dobrovolcheskaia Armiia under General Denikin, and became a cavalry corps commander. Awarded the British Order of the Bath. Fought against Makhno and Budennyi.

Took (and lost) Voronezh. Emigrated after the Civil War, 1920, worked as a Cossack show-rider in a circus. During World War II, joined the Cossack forces under German command.

Opposed the joining of the Cossacks with General Vlasov’s ROA. After the end of World War II, interned in Austria, and handed over by the British to the Soviet authorities. Condemned to death for high treason and executed (hanged) in Moscow with other former Civil War Cossack White commanders.


Religions encourage war and violence to promote their religious goals.


The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.