Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest serving First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. She was also called "First Lady of the World" in tribute to her human rights achievements. Though widely respected in her later years, Roosevelt was a controversial First Lady for her outspokenness, particularly her stance on racial issues. She was the first presidential spouse to hold press conferences and speak at a national convention.
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born at 56 West 37th Street in New York City, to socialites Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt and Anna Rebecca Hall. From an early age, she preferred to be called by her middle name Eleanor. Through her father, she was a niece of President TheodoreRoosevelt. Through her mother, she was a niece of tennis champions Valentine Gill Hall III and Edward Ludlow Hall. She acted in such an old-fashioned manner as a child that her mother nicknamed her "Granny".
Doctor of Humane Letters, Russell Sage College, 1929.
After her husband's death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an international author, speaker, politician, and activist for the New Deal coalition. She worked to enhance the status of working women, although she opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because she believed it would adversely affect women.
In the 1940s, Roosevelt was one of the co-founders of Freedom House and supported the formation of the United Nations. Roosevelt founded the UN Association of the United States in 1943 to advance support for the formation of the UN. She was a delegate to the UN General Assembly from 1945 and 1952, a job for which she was appointed by President Harry S. Truman and confirmed by the United States Senate. During her time at the United Nations she chaired the committee that drafted and approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Active in politics for the rest of her life, Roosevelt chaired the John F. Kennedy administration's ground-breaking committee which helped start second-wave feminism, the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women.
Author: When You Grow Up to Vote, 1932. It’s Up to the Women, 1933. A Trip to Washington with Bobby and Betty.This Is My Story, 1937. My Days, 1938
Supported the policy of the New Deal. Struggled for the women's rights.
Member of advisory committee in charge women’s activities, Democratic National Campaign Committee, 1928.; Member New York State League Women’s Voters (vice president). Clubs: Altrusa, New York Woman’s City, Cosmopolitan, 100,000 Mile.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Married Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Children: Anna Eleanor (Mistress.